Bargaining Position Indonesia Dalam Perdagangan Internasional

Candra Jon Asmara


AbstractIndonesia’s trade balance is currently experiencing the culmination relativelylow, where the value of exports and imports is currently out of balanceagain, in terms of import value greater than the value of exports. This hasan impact on the fall of the rupiah against the US dollar, since importedproducts must be purchased with dollars, so the availability of US dollars inIndonesia progressively reduced, then the operator from which the economiclaw of scarce goods will be expensive. International trade is a necessityfaced by every country in the world. Inevitably ready not ready, the tradingactivities are now entering the stage of globalization. Competition andbargaining (bargaining position) will continue, as long as the communityneeds progressively increasing, and countries that have a superior productthat will dominate the world market share. Indonesia’s trade balance hasshown an imbalance between the value of exports to the value of imports.The quantity of exports of Indonesia is quite large, but when compared withquality is still low, so the price of our exports cheaper because we are justexporting raw materials and importing finished goods. This condition isalso worsened today, where we have mentahpun materials imported fromforeign countries for raw materials of local products, such as meat, soy,maize and others. The solution is immediately taken, changing the patternof export during this time, by exporting the finished product a higher resalevalue and reduce the consumption of imported products. Then governmentpolicy should also empower local products with the strengthening of socialeconomy.

Keywords: Trade, Bargaining Position, Export, Import, Local Product.

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